Synonymous Lines in Albanian Dictionaries

Përparim Fakaj


Synonymy, as a linguistic phenomenon, was born as a result of practical human activity in the recognition process of the world around him. Synonyms are words that have the same or close lexical meaning or close and change the nuances of meaning in color of expression, and that they belong to this or that stylistic language layer. All languages have their own synonymous. The literary developed languages are particularly rich in synonyms. As developed to be a literary language, more prosperous, more complex and richer is with synonymous. The Albanian language is one of these languages. In our work we got in analysis some dictionaries of Albanian languages, where we stopped in analyses of the synonymic lines to wrote on them. The synonymical lines are formed in a dictionary (or if you count the series of synonyms), when synonyms are put one after the other to the extent of use or of compliance rate language standard, etc., but here we have no any semantic connection (line), because there has no relation provenance or ancestry (derivation), but we have equality (equivalence) to functional semantic connection and grammar syntagmatic, too. The synonymous Dictionary of 2004 is not only a national treasure, which has registered about 29,000 synonymous lines, but it also serves as a tremendous resource to handle the various phenomena and problems especially in the lexical and semantic plane. From the study of the regional and dialectical dictionaries we see that their lexical vocabulary has many words, which come into synonymous relations and expands the pair of synonymous lines of the Albanian language, thus improving its synonymous structure.

Keywords: synonymous lines, synonym, the national treasure, linguistic phenomena, lexical plane.

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