Distinctive Features of Zekate House Decoration-Gjirokastra

Dashmir Çuberi


The decoration described by this study displays the artistic reality expressions of the 19th century, delivered with mastery and fairness in the interior of the renowned Zekate House of Gjirokastra. Regarded as one of the most typical examples of Gjirokastra decoration, the study aims to display the developments of this artistic genre over a certain period of time, to give an overview of the overall ornamental values, unfold its particular details and to elaborate on the composition of the basic elements permeating the composition of motives and traditional symbols.The subject matter will be covered both in the introduction section as well as in sections and subsections. The first section deals with the decorative features of the façade. It covers the relationship of the architectural element and the ornamental aspect of the façade. The second section elaborates on the decoration of the house interiors, including sub-sections such as Oda e Miqve (the chamber/guestroom), murals, the ornamental fireplace, paintings on wood and the ceilings. In this arrangement, we encounter styles and techniques like murals and paintings on wood, wood and stone carving. The traditional floral and geometric motives have been used extensively by these techniques and handled in conformity with their features. The decoration is revealed by the hierarchical rank of the rooms, where Oda e Miqve (the chamber) displays the most artistic prominence. The welcoming areas reflect the social class and affluence of the family. Decorations of this House are the mere reflection of its most prosperous times. The study, discussion and propagation of these values are all contributing towards the conservation of cultural traditions.

Keywords: decoration, technique, motive [designs and themes], house, painting, composition, artistic value, carving.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/(aj).v5i3.1102

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/(aj).v5i3.1102.g1334

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