Female Profile in the Epos of Albanians

Dea Karakaçi

Abstract


Through the contextual analysis of the “Cycle of Heroes” corpus, known as the Epos of Albanians or Albanian Epos similar with neighbors in Balkan, this thesis aims to prove the written time of epos in the beginning of matriarchy features (the mother has a special place when the father of heroes is missing) and attempts the coexistence between lyrics and epic (assembled thanks to the female roles in the subject). From the methodology perspective, the analysis used is the one which describes the female character in the epos, being it negative or positive, and their role in the action’s course outlined in the epic’s subject. Text’s analysis anticipates the interpretation based on comparative anthropological data (cultural living in the mountains that compose the origin of the event or musical instruments), but also in ballads or legends belonging to the same period. In conclusion, this thesis determines that century X-XII is assumed as the time when the cycle is established, and furthermore, it is proven due to the matriarchy rule in the Albanian territories [UP1]. From the profile standpoint, the fact that epos is considered as epic did not prevent the popular Aedin to approach the lyrics forms to certain characters (mostly females), a fact that verifies the early coexistence between epic and lyrics or mixed types.

Keywords: female, epic, lyric, matriarchy, cycle of heroes.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/(aj).v5i3.1103

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/(aj).v5i3.1103.g1335

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