Challenges of Persons Living With HIV/AIDS in Albania Utilizing the Framework of Human Rights

Irida Agolli

Abstract


The aim of the paper is to assess the vulnerability of persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Albania and explore to what extent stigma and discrimination prevent people living with HIV (accessing) entitlements and realizing human rights. The questions of individual interviews made with PLHA are divided into several sections, namely in: (i) attitudes, experiences, evocations of PLHA; (ii) models and main forms of PLHA support; (iii) PLHA perceptions of stigma and discrimination and their effect on these people‟s rights. In total were recruited 36 people, 31 PLWHA accepted to be interviewed and the rest didn‟t accept. PLWHA find it difficult to talk about their HIV-positive status even though many of them have been living with this disease for several years. Non-disclosure of HIV-status presents as anxiety in PLWHA, and acts as a significant barrier preventing this patient population from attaining different social and health services. Of the PLWHA that were interviewed, 80% were not sufficiently informed about HIV at the time of diagnoses, and 73% did not have information about the rights and protections that exist for PLWHA. Patients interviewed were unaware of existing services and relevant institutions that address their rights when their rights are violated.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Human Rights, Albania, and social work, etc.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/(aj).v4i6.114

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/(aj).v4i6.114.g1644

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