Alfa Internexin Expression in a Series of 137 Gliomas and its Correlation with Oligodentroglial Morphology IDH1, P53 SYN and EGFR Expression

Teona Bushati, Gentian Kaloshi, Gisela Pumo, Maren Ruka, Mehdi Alimehmeti, Leart Berdica, Arsen Seferi, Ridvan Alimehmeti, Mentor Petrela, Deksona Osmani


Background: Distinguishing glial subtypes based on nuclear and cellular morphology alone is subjective,with significant interobserver variability, even among highly experienced neuropathologists. Genetic subtyping of a given histological phenotype and robust biomarkers has improved the diagnostic and prognostic assessment. Recently, IDH1 (more rarely IDH2) mutations have been found in nearly 40% of gliomas and strongly predict lower grade in histology and better outcomes. Aim: To evaluate if the expression of alpha-internexin (INA) can be used a reliable diagnostic, prognostic and cost-effective marker, a proneural gene-coding neurofilament interacting protein significantly correlated with oligodendroglial phenotype, 1p/19q codeletion as well as higher chemosensitivity and better prognosis to our study population. Material: We studied INA expression in 137gliomasand correlated it with pure oligodendroglial histology, IDH1, p53, EGFR and SYN expression by immunohistochemistry.Results: INA was expressed in 72.2% of grade II oligodendrogliomas (n = 22), 62.5% of grade III oligodendrogliomas (n = 16), 57.2% of grade II oligoastrocytomas (n = 7), 66.7% of grade III oligoastrocytomas (n = 6), 66.7% of glioblastomas with oligodendroglial component (n = 12), 0% of grade I astrocytomas (n = 13), 0% of grade II astrocytomas (n = 4), 0% of grade III astrocytomas (n = 12) and 2.5% of glioblastomas and gliosarcomas (n = 40).INA was expressed by 27(71.1%) of pure oligodendrogliomas(n=38) versus 17(17.2%) of no pureoligodentrogliomas(n=99), Chi-square was p < 10-4; Cramer’s V was 0.517; p <10-4, which show a very strong relationship.INA was expressed by 32(45.1%) of gliomas with IDH1 mutation (n=71) versus 12(18.2%) of gliomas without IDH1 mutation (n=66), Chi-square was p < 0.001; Cramer’s V was 0.288; p < 0.001, which show a very strong relationship. INA was expressed by 26(27.4%) of gliomas with P53 mutation (n=95) versus 18(42.9%) of gliomas without P53 mutation (n=42), Chi-square wasp=0.05 which show they were negatively correlated. INA was expressed by 30(50.0%) of gliomas with SYN expression (n=60) versus 14(18.2%) of gliomas without SYN expression (n=77), Chi-square was p < 10-4; Cramer’s V was 0.338; p < 10-4, which show a very strong relationship. INA was expressed by 12(27.3%) of gliomas with EGFR expression (n = 44) versus 32(34.%) of gliomas without EGFR expression (n=44), Chi-square was p=0.05 which show they were negatively correlated. Conclusion: INA expression is a fast, cheap and reliable diagnostic and prognostic marker, which helps identify patients of different prognostic groups in diffuse gliomas and should be used routinely in the pathologic diagnosis of glial tumours.

Keywords: Glial tumours, Alpha-internecine, IDH1, P53, Synaptophysin, EGFR protein.

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