Accumulation of Heavy Metals from Herbaceous Plants

Gezim Bara

Abstract


Aim of the article: The aim of this article is to determine the accumulation of heavy metals by plants: Plantago Major, Taraxacum officinale, Trifolium pratense and use of these plants as bio-indicator to show the level of contamination by heavy metals in Durres.

Material and methods: The methodology consisted of work sampling for research and use of macroscopic and microscopic methods for determining the choice of herbs and metals using some criters.Herbs were collected in five different points of the city (rural and urban) used as control points for contamination with heavy metals.
Results: were analyzed based on the measurement of physico-chemical parameters in various locations coast Durres.Results analysis showed that the accumulation of heavy metals defined depends on the type of plant being studied and varies according rradhes.P. Major> T.Pratense> T.Officinale.From analysis results revealed a good correlation between the concentration of heavy
metals in soil accompanying the root of herbs and plants themselves which indicates that plants accumulate metals linearly throughout the time of flowering thereof.
Conclusions: Based on the results and achievements of our research and other data we can conclude that heavy metals have a cumulative effect and can have toxic consequences for human health and therefore, we believe that this paper will bring the impact of innovation on heavy metals pollution in the area of the environment.

Keywords: Bioindicator, bioaccumulation, Integral, cycle, food chain, anthropogenic, Standard, indicators, Dendograme.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/(aj).v3i6.1170

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/(aj).v3i6.1170.g1481

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