Analyzing the Keeper Autocracy Ritual in an Iranian Literary Work: The Policy with Focus on Psychological Theories of Eric Berne

Ebrahim Estaji, Ali Sadeghimanesh

Abstract


The Policy is a literary work in Persian belongs to Saljuk period that is written by a famous Iranian minister named Nizam al-Mulk Tusi; a person due to his beliefs in the absolute monarchy seeks to promote an attitude that based on it, the acceptance of an autocratic king would be desirable. Therefore when we study his work, with respect to the psychological theories presented by Eric Berne, we will find traces of a type of ritual that can be called the keeper autocracy ritual. The ritual that tries to encourage people to transact from the position of adapted child to the king who shows activism from the position of the parent state, which in the long run leads to the autocracy acceptance among people, and gives power and strength to authoritarian governments. With such an approach, the present paper is going to show the components of Iranian culture rooted in its history, and throughout history has resulted in the acceptance of the autocratic governments by the people in this country.

Keywords: policy, autocracy, Iranian society, Eric Bern, ritual


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/(aj).v4i7.1211

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/(aj).v4i7.1211.g1607

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