The Bronchopulmonary Strongylats in Goats of Elbasan District

Nezir Gjoni, Nefail Biba, Bejo Bizhga, Dritan Laçi, Pëllumba Zalla, Esmeralda Sherko, Eglantina Xhemollari

Abstract


The coprological examinations for the prevalence, identification of lungworm species and determinant factors associated with lungworm infection in goats at Elbasan district, were carried out from October 2011 to May 2013. The number of investigated animals was 109 goats and 37 remote goats. In our study, we have recorded five lungworm species which are: Dictyocaulus filaria, Muellerius capillaries, Cystocaulus ocreatus, Protostrongylus rufescens and Neostrongylus linearis. The parasitological profile of protostrongylid species in the areas was represented by Muellerius (11.92 - 13.5%), Cystocaulus (9.2 - 2.7%), Protostrongylus (6.42 - 8.1%) and the Neostrongylus was about non-existent (less than 1%) in the region. The Dictyocaulus filaria infection does not appear to be a serious problem in goats of Elbasan region. The infestation rates of Cerrik and Elbasan area for worm burdens in goats were three to five, recorded in autumn, and the average was 30% and 50%, this, in contrast, compare with the larvae of these lungworms in Librazhd and Gramsh districts (low). This infestation is not widespread to levels likely to be considered as an economic significance. For researchers interested in the diagnosis of lungworm infestation the method of fecal examination is simple, rapid, economical and feasible for the results. The heaviest infection by adult worms, cross-infection, and the highest larval excretion were observed in autumn and spring when mollusks were heavily infected. In this region the output of first stage larvae (L1) of lungworms was significantly higher in sheep than in goats, thus goats may play a greater role in pasture contamination.

Keywords: Lungworms, prevalence, identification, goats.


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