Esophageal Cancer

Bledar Lufi, Anila Cake, Rajmonda Bara


Introduction: Esophageal cancer is an aggressive disease with a clinical development. This is an endemic disease in many countries, especially in developing countries. The purpose of the Study: To identify and analyze the frequency of esophageal cancer. Material and Methods: The study is of a retrospective type. The study covers the period between 2012 and 2014. The study involved 43 patients (cases), where 31 were males (72%) and 12 were females (28%), hospitalized, diagnosed and treated in the service of Surgery and Gastro-Hepatology at the Medical University "Mother Teresa". Results: The study involved 43 patients, 31 males (72%) and 12 females (28%). They were assessed by the group ages of 18-40 years, 41-60 years, and more than 60 years old. The average age for males is 60 years, while the average age for females 57 years old. In both sexes, they were evaluated by residence, consumption of alcohol, tobacco and Clinical Progress. Conclusions: Group age, male gender, socioeconomic factors, and nutrition are factors that favor the development of esophageal cancer.

Keywords: Esophageal cancer, odynophagia, dysphagia, Hematemesis, melena.

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