Some Preliminary Result of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus among Cattle in Different Regions of Kosovo

Arber Taraku, Kristaq Berxholi

Abstract


The Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Orthonairovirus (CCHFV) is a tick borne virus belonging to the genus Orthonairovirus, family Nairoviridae of RNA virus. Viral Zoonosis distributed in Africa, Asia, Mediterranean Europe within the ranges of tick belonging to the genus Hyalomma, Rhipicephalus, Ixodes (Avsic zupanac, T. 2007; Hodgstral H. 1977, Humolli, F. 2014, Levi,V.1972). It causes mild fever and viremia in cattle. Sheep and small mammals such as hares. Human become infected by contact with infected blood or other tissues of livestock or human patients or from tick bite. The aim of study was to examine the distribution of CCHFV infection among cattle in different district of Kosova. Thi investigation we carried out on 2014/15. Blood samples were taken from the juglar vein of 932 cattle in Kosovo. These sera were collected from nine different municipalities (Malisheve, Rahoveec, Suhareke, Kline, Drenas, Prizren, Peje, Gjakove, and Deçan). And were tested with serological test ELISA. Specific IgG antibody were detected in cattle from all samples areas and detected prevalence were substantial in district of municipality Malisheve with 43,63 % and Rahovec with 25,25%.the overall sereoprevalenc was 19,12 %, with major CCHFV rick in Malisheve and Rahovec.

Keywords: Virus, CCHF, Cattle, ELISA, Epidemiology.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/ijllis.v4i0.1598

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/ijllis.v4i0.1598.g2088

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