Monitoring Pollution of Underground Water Caused by the Oil Industry, Area Patos – Marinz

L. Hoxha, I. Beqiraj, E. Prifti, A. Shehu

Abstract


Soil, water, air and underground water pollution by the Oil Extraction Industry, i.e. crude oil and oil-water mixture is present in most of the oil fields installations. With 2000 wells covering about 200 km2, the Patos-Marinza oil field is one of the largest oil fields in Albania, but also one of the sources with the greatest contamination potential for soil, groundwater, water and air pollution from different sources of the industrial activity in this region. Oil leakages and discharges on land are transported by filtration waters or rinsing waters, contaminating both groundwater (springs, watersheds) and surface waters (streams, reservoirs, rivers, lakes). These contaminated groundwater and surface waters are used and continue to be used for irrigation, and in some cases as potable water for humans and animals. Knowing that hydrocarbons bring many effects with carcinogenic effects to humans, it is necessary to këp under monitoring all the sources that are used as drinking water for the residents.The purpose of this paper is to monitor and evaluate the Bacteriological, Physico-Chemical, Havy Metals, Pesticides, Aromatic Polycyclic Hydrocarbons (PAHs); Vajra & Graso (HEM); all thrë of the main wells in the Patos -Marinza area. Two drilling wells in Marinza and drilling well Qafë Stefan (Kuman).

Keywords: contamination, wells, groundwater, hydrocarbons, heavy metals, etc.


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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/ijllis.v5i3.1665

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/ijllis.v5i3.1665.g2137

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