Treatment of Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy with Panretinal Photo Coagulation and Anti VEGF Injection, Depending on the Case

Ermal Simaku, Etleva Gjurashaj


Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) is the most common cause of severe visual loss in people with diabetes. Although panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) remains one of the best treatment, it has many side effects. So other new treatment modalities have emerged. These  can be used to increase the extent of treatment, expedite the effect of laser treatment and provide alternate measures when laser delivery is difficult or impossible, especially in patients with vitreous haemorrhage, or when the patient is at young age.  Currently, most of the research in this field is focussed on inhibitors of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Although limited by their short-lived effects, anti-VEGF agents are widely available, especially for the treatment of aggressive PDR. We present 2 cases which  had regression of neovascularization within  four weeks of the initial treatments, and  maintained their visual acuity with no evidence of recurrent neovascularization through 12 months after initiating treatment. Intravitreous injections of anti-VEGF therapy may be an alternative treatment option for patients with PDR. We followed  a system of 3 injection q4wk followed by injection q8wk,  depending on gravity of macular edema and it’s regression from anti-VEGF intravitreal injections.  

Keywords:  PRP, PDR, VEGF, DME, etc.  

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