Breed Predisposition Differences of Dogs with Urolithiasis in Tirana District

Zamira Hoxha, Dhimitër Rapti

Abstract


Urolithiasis is a common problem in dogs. Uroliths can occur in any section of the urinary tract, but bladder uroliths are the most common. The differences in breed predispositions of forming different types of uroliths have been identified by different studies. Certain breeds of dogs are genetically predisposed to this condition and to the specific stone type formation. The purpose of this study was to report on the breed differences of 160 canine uroliths submitted to clinics and hospitals in Tirana from July 2013 to January 2017.  From all the dogs taken in study 11 of them resulted positive for the presence of stones. From this study it was observed that Dalmatian breed had the highest number of cases, 3 dogs from 11 positive cases belonged to this breed. The other breeds with urolithiasis condition resulted German shepherd and Mixed dogs with 2 cases each and Miniature schnauizer, Terrier, Shih Tzu and Shetland Sheep dog with 1 cases each. In this article are also discussed some risk factors for the various uroliths formation, some recommendations for treatment and prevention. The monitoring of the dog with this condition predisposition on regular basis may help in early identification, treatment, and prevention of uroliths.

Keywords:  Urolithiasis, dogs, ammonium urate and cystine stones.


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References


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