THE ENLIGHTENMENT OF CONVERSATION AND INTERCOURSE IN SUFISM (TASAWWUF)

Zulayho Jamolovna Rahmonova

Abstract


The opinions about the murshid which is the highest of the degree in tarikat and directlyexpressing itin artistic literature are given in this article. Certainly, the Sufi masters explain that the need a perfect murshidwho heals the spiritual illnesses in the Heart difficulty which is considered the treasure of Allah, is important, they said that “The murshid of the person who has not his murshid, is the devil”. And the mental training which is done step-by-step called the Shariat, Tarikat, Marifat, Hakikat (Truth) - the Practical Study program for Tasawwuf is created. The literature which purpose of it is the courteousness and ethics, does not distinguish between tasawwuf. Therefore, the murshid image illustrated in artistic literature was analyzed in conjunction with the views of the perfect teacher, described in the scientific manuals. The sheikhs of education, training and conversation are varied and their specific features are proofedwith examples in our poetry. In particular, the importance of conversation which is considered the way of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and the sahabahs in tarikat is taken into consideration, the reflections about the importance of the conversation,the interlocutor, the companion images, were widely illustrated. Enjoying the murid (pupil) from the education of murshid (teacher), appearing inspirations and discoveries in his heart, increasing in the state the statuses are recited through the literary fragments. Most importantly, it is emphasized that the thoughts of our educators such as Imam Gazali, Abdulkarim Kushairi, Ahmad Yassaviy, Alisher Navai about the education and training, also, the experienced experiences of our ancestors are very invaluable in the perfection of today's youth, and using them effectively mark ourhappy future.

Keywords:  Sufism (tasawwuf), tarikat, tipsy feast, Murshid, Murid, Sheikh of conversation, Sheikh of training, Makom, Bay'at (submitting), musahib (companion).


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/ijllis.v7i9.1754

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/ijllis.v7i9.1754.g2211

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