The New School Texts-Innovation or Challenge?

Eneida Pema

Abstract


The purpose of this article is to take a critical look at the new school texts developed based on the new competence-based curriculum applied as an innovation in the elementary 9-year  and pre-University education.  These texts play quite an important role in the social development of the students, whose knowledge of literature (narration, description, argumentation, and information) and language are intertwined to build their communication skills. Being newly introduced, its review requires special care and attention to see how the new teaching programs are translated into texts, i.e. the students' learning tools. The article looks into how topics and are treated in the new texts of the Albanian language and literature in terms of efficiency and usefulness for the students. The texts were reviewed on the basis of certain indicators, such as: level of adaptation to the students' needs, interests, and skills, relevance of the texts to the program content and objectives, clarity of presentation on the computer pages, number of pictures, graphs, maps, external characteristics of texts, clarity of objectives, elaboration of the chapters, the methods used, the explanatory language and its relevance to the students' needs, etc. The study focused on the school books of the Albanian Language used from the 10th to the 12th grade in 2018-2019 in one of the most well-known high schools of the capital, “Petro Nini Luarasi”.  Taking into account the young age of these texts and the challenges that they will have to overcome with time, it is deemed reasonable to have this study contributing to ensuring perfect development in the future. The texts of Albanian Language and Literature are the only texts compiled by national authors, and based on modern models and on their authors' views, didactic choices, preferred conceptual treatments, and their subjectivity translated into a physical object, i.e. a text produced by the printing house. It is, however, still early to talk about consolidated texts, given that they were only introduced with the competence-based curriculum in 2016-2017 only, for the subject of Albanian Language for the 10th grade. Some of the issues related with this text could be addressed by including specialized teachers in evaluating such texts, collecting feedback from teachers and reflecting their comments and suggestions in the improved editions, and establishing an observation mechanism for school texts, i.e. a good practice applied in developed countries. The quality of the curriculum is key to ensuring successful education, cultivating students’ skills and values, and it therefore requires continued research and constructive attention.

Keywords:  innovation, new school texts, the competence-based curriculum, language and literature.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Albanian language 11, Mediaprint Publishing House, by: Prof. As. E. Kapia, L. Murthi, 2018.

Albanian Language 12, Filara Publishing House, by: V. Kalo, M.Kapllani, M. Neni, M.Balliçi, Tirana, 2018.

B.Musai, Speech held at the international conference Education, Psychology and Society, Tirana, 26-27 October 2018.

Çeliku.M, “ Disa mendime për lëndën e gjuhës shqipe dhe të letërsisë në shkollën e mesme” (Thoughts about the Albanian Language and Literature in the secondary school), Tirana, 2014.

Çeliku.M., Probleme të morfologjisë së gjuhës së sotme shqipe (Problems with the morphology of today's Albanian language), SHBLU, Tirana, 1997.

Çeliku.M., Çështje të shqipes standarde (Issues with standard Albanian language), SHBLU, Tirana, 2001.

Çeliku.M., Rreth nivelit shkencor të teksteve të reja të gjuhës shqipe (About the scientific level of the new texts of the Albanian language), “Gjuha shqipe” (Albanian language)1-4/1997.

Hysa.E, Tekstet e gjuhës shqipe për shkollën 9-vjeçare (Albanian Language texts for the elementary 9-year school), 2011.

Dictionary of contemporary Albanian language, 2002.

Gramatika e gjuhës shqipe “Morfologjia” (Grammar of Albanian Language "Morphology"), 1995.

Gramatika e gjuhës shqipe (Grammar of Albanian Language), Tirana, 2002.

Gjokutaj, M., Didaktika e gjuhës shqipe (Dydctics of the Albanian Language), published by ShBLU, Tirana, 2009.

Gjuhë shqipe (Albanian Language) for the 10th grade, Mediaprint Publishing House, by: Prof. As. E. Kapia., L. Murthi, 2016.

Gj.Shkurtaj., Gjuha shqipe ka pësuar dëmtim të madh nga heqja si lëndë më vete në shkollat e mesme (The Albanian language has been significantly affected by its removal as a subject in secondary schools), Interview on Telegraf, 25.02.2014.

Education Development Institute, the Curriculum of the Albanian Language, Tirana, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010.

Education Development Institute, Core Curriculum, Subject: Albanian Language, 10th,11th, and 12th grades, Ministry of Education and Sport, Tirana, 2016, 2017.

Education Development Institute, Learning Standards for General High Schools.

Institute of Pedagogical Studies, Programs of general secondary schools (social sciences), Tirana, 2000.

Institute of Pedagogical Studies, Standards of Achievements: Albanian Language, Reading, Literary Reading, Foreign Languages, 2002.

Institute of Pedagogical Studies, Standards of Content in compulsory education, 2002.

Institute of Pedagogical Studies, National Pre-University Education Strategy 2004-2015.

Kurrikula dhe zbatimi I saj në tekstet shkollore sipas modeleve bashkëkohore (Curriculum and its application in the textbooks according to modern models), K. Noti, Tirana, 2013.

Memushaj.R., Shqipja standarde (Standard Albanian), Tirana, 2005.

Memushaj.R., Interview: Gjuhësia shqiptare ndodhet sot në ditët e saj më të vështira (Albanian linguistics is experiencing its worst days today), Telegraf Newspaper, 2013.

Memushaj.R., Vrasja e gjuhës shqipe (The killing of the Albanian language), Gazeta shqiptare Newspaper, Tirana, 2018.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/ijllis.v8i4.1905

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/ijllis.v8i4.1905.g2339

Copyright © 2012-2019 ANGLISTICUM. Journal of the Association-Institute for English Language and American Studies,Tetovo, Republic of North Macedonia.

All Rights Reserved.

The publication is licensed under a Creative Commons License (CC BY) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/  View Legal Code                                                                                                                 

ISSN (print): 1857-8179. ISSN (online): 1857-8187.

Disclaimer: Articles on Anglisticum have been reviewed and authenticated by the Authors before sending for the publication.

The Journal, Editors and the editorial board are not entitled or liable to either justify or responsible for inaccurate and misleading data if any. It is the sole responsibility of the Author concerned.