Bekchanova Sayyora Bazarbaevna


The given article deals with less investigated field of Uzbek and Karakalpak Folk genre as proverbs. Investigation was done in comparative approach. Hypothesis, views, and points by world folk scientists, Russian, Uzbek and Karakalpak scholars about folk were gathered and summarized by author it was presented about proverbs (parable) as one of the field of folk. Generally, proverbs are common genre for all Turkic Languages. The Uzbek and Karakalpak have enough ancient and rich history, moreover they emphasized as the nations which have wide variety of folk masterpieces. It is known that any nation in this world has its own lifestyle because of geographical position and continental conveniences. Of course, these might impact at least on their spirit, traditions, and culture. These conditions may influence either on other folk genres or proverbs. It was done typological analysis of proverb “Kari bilganni, Paribilmaydi” (Which knows the adult, doesn’t know the youth) and found that it has some variants in both languages in the Uzbek and Karakalpak folk materials. While analysis it was clarified some similarities and differences of these variants. Plot, motif, and characters of the proverbs were compared with the structure. Especially, actions of characters, plot development of the proverbs helped to find more similar and vary features of two compared folks.

Keywords: Uzbek and Karakalpak folk, proverb genre, comparative-typological analysis.


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