LEVELING LEXICAL ABSTRACTION IN UZBEK LANGUAGE

Hakimova Muhayyo Karimovna

Abstract


When the language carries out its calling function, it will try to name the world as how it is. Leveling of certain sign is also expressed in the language as all processes in the universe. The issue of leveling of abstraction is thoroughly highlighted in this article. The uniqueness of leveling in generalized and separatory abstracts is explained. When the level of generalizing abstraction increases, the number of generalizing specificities will increase, and the similarity between them will diminish. Creating concreteness/abstractness scale has been tried in order to determine leveling of abstraction in the Uzbek language. Increasing abstraction in nineteen groups level by level has been analyzed. The item names are placed into the first edge polar of the scale. Indeed, they call the materialism which has certain form, own place in space and time. The most concrete words in the content of item names are the food names. Because we can feel them with our five sensitive organs. The meta notions are placed in last point of the scale. The abstraction level of these words is so high that the information about their carrier is not present in their semantic content. Graduomical rows of main and derivative meanings of abstract nouns and abstract adjectives have been identified in the article.

Keywords: lexical leveling, abstraction, leveling, lexema, substance.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Bozorov O. Ozbek tilida darajalanish. Toshkent, 1995.

Cherneyko L.O. Lingvo-filosofskiy analiz abstraktnogo imeni. M.: Izd-vo MGU im. Lomonosova, 1997.

Hakimova M. Alisher Navoiy graduonimik munosabat asoschisi sifatida.Til va adabiyot fanini zamonaviy oqitish masalalari. Respublika ilmiy-nazariy konferensiya materiallari. Toshkent, 2017. 72-76.

Hakimova M. Ozbek tilida vaqt manoli lugaviy birliklar va ularning matn shakllantirish imkoniyatlari. Filol.fanlari nomz...diss. avtoref. Fargona, 2004.

Iskandarova Sh.M. Ozbek tili leksikasini mazumniy maydon sifatida organish (“shaxs” mikromaydoni). Filol.fanlari dokt...diss. avtoref. Toshkent, 1999.

Kolomiytseva O.A. Diskretizatsiya otvlechyonnix sushestvitelnix v angliyskom yazike. Avtoref. dis. … kand. filol. nauk /O.A. Kolomiytseva. Kiyev, 1986.

Nurmonov A., Yoldoshev B. Tilshunoslik va tabiiy fanlar (oquv qollanma). - Toshkent, 2001.

Ozbek tilida “hayvon” arxisemali leksemalar maydonining mazmuniy tahlili. Filol. fanlari nomz...diss. avtoref. Toshkent, 2000.

Qurbonova M. Lokallik va uning ozbek tilida ifodalanishi. Filol.fanlari nomz... diss. avtoref. Toshkent, 2007.

Zolotaryova T.A. Semanticheskiye osobennosti angliyskix abstraktnix sushestvitelnix, vliyashiye na upotrebleniye artiklya: Dis. … kand. filol. nauk. - M., 2003.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/ijllis.v8i5.1918

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/ijllis.v8i5.1918.g2352

Copyright © 2012-2019 ANGLISTICUM. Journal of the Association-Institute for English Language and American Studies,Tetovo, Republic of North Macedonia.

All Rights Reserved.

The publication is licensed under a Creative Commons License (CC BY) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/  View Legal Code                                                                                                                 

ISSN (print): 1857-8179. ISSN (online): 1857-8187.

Disclaimer: Articles on Anglisticum have been reviewed and authenticated by the Authors before sending for the publication.

The Journal, Editors and the editorial board are not entitled or liable to either justify or responsible for inaccurate and misleading data if any. It is the sole responsibility of the Author concerned.