Diagnostic Approach and Management of Extrauterine Pregnancy

Helidon Klosi, Rustem Celami, Genc Kabili, Dritan Decka, Edlira Klosi

Abstract


An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that develops outside a woman's uterus. This happens when the fertilized egg from the ovary does not reach or implant itself normally in the uterus. Instead, the egg develops somewhere else in the abdomen. The products of this conception are abnormal and cannot develop into fetuses. Urine pregnancy test is often done by women itself once amenorrhea is present about 2 weeks of expected menstrual period, however, pregnancy blood test such Beta – human Chorionic Gonadotropin (BhCG) and ultrasound examination are the best tool of diagnosis. The most common place that ectopic pregnancy occurs is in one of the fallopian tubes, a so-called tubal pregnancy. These are the tubes that transport the egg from the ovary to the uterus. Ectopic pregnancies also can be found on the outside of the uterus, on the ovaries, or attached to the bowel. Most serious complication of an ectopic pregnancy is intra-abdominal hemorrhage. In the case of a tubal pregnancy, for example, as the products of conception continue to grow in the fallopian tube, the tube expands and eventually ruptures. This can be very dangerous because a large artery runs on the outside of each Fallopian tube. If the artery ruptures, the woman can bleed severely. Ectopic pregnancy is usually found in the first 5-10 weeks of pregnancy and is the leading cause of pregnancy-related deaths in the first trimester of pregnancy in the USA. In Albania, we face difficulties not only in application of high technology of ultrasound machine in public health sector but unfortunately we are unable to perform BhCG in public health sector laboratories, such making not only challenge and even delay but an expensive process of diagnosis of this medical problem. In conclusion, since ectopic pregnancy is an abnormal pregnancy, and comes with high risk of serious complication, early diagnosis of pregnancy location and its management is crucial in preventing medical complication.

Keywords: Ectopic pregnancy, diagnosis, ultrasound examination, management, complication.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/(aj).v4i2.204

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/(aj).v4i2.204.g1672

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