Nature's Affable Voice in Wordsworth and Sepehri: An Ecocritical Study

Raheleh Bahador, Sohila Faghfori


Similar subjects in the world literature and other fields of study can be traced. Nature as an interdisciplinary field of study connects literature to Ecocriticism. The widespread influence of modernism and industrial progress results in pollution and destruction of nature which forms the main concern of Ecocritical studies. It is a shared concern of literature and ecocritics. In the modern age, man has not self-awareness towards nature and literature's aim is to awaken human being. To warn against the danger which threats human life, man ought to stop threatening nature. This is what is mirrored in literature. This comparative study is a deep ecological analysis of William Wordsworth's "Lines Written in Early Spring"(1798) and Sohrab Sepehri's "Water" (1961). It shows that the common purpose of literature is leading in different ages, languages and poets. Poet in this perspective has been defined as "seer" or "prophet" in its classic definition to lead people to virtue and right. The objective of the present paper is to enlighten the great Ecocritical contribution of two Romantic poets, Wordsworth and Sepehri. It indicates that one of the main poetic concerns of them is Nature.They depict the beauty of nature in their poems to remind man of what he has lost in the ado of the modern age. To heal the broken tie of man and nature is what will be discussed in Wordsworth's and Sepehri's poems. The term and theory "deep ecology" was coined by Arne Naess in 1973. Deep ecology endorses biocentrism and rejects the anthropocentrism. As guardian of nature, human being stands in equality with nature not superior over it. Accordingly, the "man-in-environment image" is condemned and "relational, total-field image" is encouraged. In this respect, Wordsworth and Sepehri suggest identification with nature as the resolution out of the dilemma of separation of man and nature. Identification results from self-awareness and leads to rediscover the interconnectedness of man and nature.

Keywords: Wordsworth, Sepehri, Water, Lines Written in Early Spring, Ecocriticism, deep ecology.

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