Urinary Tract Infections, their Frequency and Most Common Provocative Thing in the Region of Tetovo in the Period between 2012-2013

Dijana Jovanoska, Fatime Jusufi

Abstract


Introduction: Urinary infections are one of the most common infections, which according to the statistics; take the second or third place in our country and in the world of population morbidity. Aim: The aim of this study was to detect the most common causes of the urinary infections among the population in our region, to follow their sensitivity on antibacterial drugs with aim to help the doctors in general practice to treat according to the given sensitivity in IN VITRO conditions. (antibiogram). Material and methods: The study made in the Centre for Public Health Tetovo in the microbiology lab in the period of 01.01.2012 to 31.12.2013. Throughout this period are sent 6861 patience on urine culture with symptoms of urinary infections. From them only 1444 have positive results and 5417 were sterile. The isolation of breeds is made by common techniques for bacteriological check. The urine sample is taken from the moderate squirt of spontaneous piss. The same is planted on bloody agar on differential base UTI with use of quantative analysis. The number of bacteria in 1 ml is determined by scheme and automatic counter of colonies (protocol device). Identification of the breeds is made by examination of biochemical reactions and characteristic of the bacteria with aim of commercial stripes. Stripes are used from the manufactures SIEMENS NUC52 (Neg Urine Combo panel Type 52) which incubate form 6-12 hours and are read in the device Micro Scan auto SCAN 4 with which at the same time is made identification and determination of the sensibility of the isolated bacteria. Results: In the period from 01.01.2012 to 31.12.2013, from 6861 patience send for urinoculture, 1444 from the resulted with positive bacterial result. The most common isolated bacteria is Escherichia coli with 66.48%, Klebsiella pneumoniae sups pneumoniae 13.71%, Proteus mirabilis with 12.4%, Pseudomonas aeruginosa with 3.67%, Enterococcus faecalis so 2.77%, Enterobacter cloacae with 0.69% and Citrobacter freundii with 0.28%.

Keywords: Infections of the urinary system, the most common causes, sensitivity.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/(aj).v3i8.296

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/(aj).v3i8.296.g1509

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