A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TERM-FORMATION IN THE FIELD OF EARTH SCIENCES: TERMINOLOGIZATION AND RETERMINOLOGIZATION

Arjan Shumeli, Esmeralda Sotiri, Rajmonda Novaku

Abstract


The paper examines terminology in the field of earth science (geology) in the Albanian language. Comparisons are drawn with English language as an approach to terminology processing and language planning. The paper focuses on the similarities, differences as well as on the process of term-formation in both languages by throwing light on the linguistic means and ways available to both languages to create terms in the field when necessary. The data corpus consists of a number of terms lifted from the multi-lingual dictionary of geology (Tirana, 1988) published in the Albanian language. The analysis shows that terms in geology are chiefly attributed to foreign influence with many words borrowed from Neo-Latin languages. The analysis also shows that Albanian earth science terminology is to a greater extent characterised by the proliferation of Anglicisms as an unavoidable linguistic development common across many other languages. Nevertheless, terminology in the field of earth sciences in Albanian seems to share a set of other characteristics: a borrowed term and a domestic one usually exist in parallel with each other, some of the domestic terms seem to have sprung into use from the Albanian language itself through the process of terminologization and reterminologization, while others have been albanianized by fully adapting to the Albanian phonetic and morphological systems
Keywords: term-formation, borrowed term, terminologization.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/(aj).v1i2.367

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/(aj).v1i2.367.g404

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