The Contrastive Analysis Concerning the Forms of Congratulations in English and Montenegrin

Milena Mrdak Mićović Nikšić


The question of politeness in language has been one of the most popular ones in linguistic studies since the second half of the twentieth century, intriguing and motivating numerous authors to compare the English language system with those of many other languages. Interesting and complex at the same time, mainly because of the intersection of grammar, psychology and sociolinguistics, the theme of this paper has been a huge challenge for its author, since it required both theoretical study and the review and comparison of the results obtained in practice. The objective of this paper is to describe the expressions of congratulations in English and Montenegrin, which are common linguistic resources for the realisation of speech acts. Since these expressions have not been described in detail, we thought that they should be systematically researched in order to complete their descriptions in both English and Montenegrin and their contrasting with each other.

Keywords: politeness, speech act of congratulations, English and Montenegrin language systems, formal and informal discourse, written and spoken discourse.

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