The Opposition and Opposition Activity in Albania During 1920-1924

Albana Mema


In this paper have been indicated some aspects of the civil society in Albania during the state building (1920-1924), by focusing on the Albanian opposition of the time. Using the literature based research methodology we could find the elements that have marked the civil and political culture of these years. In the early 1920s, there were two main groups in the political life in Albania, apparently irreconcilable, which characterized the Albanian society: “The Folks’ Party” and “The Progressive Party”. They could not be considered political parties in the Western sense; however, both presented identical vague programs supporting reform, education and the material development of the country. Following the independence the political class did not have enough competence for the foundation of a modern state. In a community without schools or educational system for a hundred years, there can’t be any elite capable of governing. Basically the political class was composed of elements from the high feudal class or from the administration. The Parliament was divided into two groups: the conservatives organized by the Folks’ Party and the Progressive Party. The groups didn’t have any ideology to support, or any organizational structure. Both groups were fighting to get governmental power. The Albanian Parliament was the main institution

Keywords: civil society, Albania during (1920-1924), political parties “The Folks’ Party” and “The Progressive Party”, the Albanian Parliament, etc.

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