Thyroid Gland and Thyroid Disorders in Shkodra Region (Albania)

Donalda Laçej

Abstract


This paper presented thyroid gland and thyroid disorders.The gland produces thyroid hormones, which regulate metabolic rate (how fast calories are consumed to produce energy) (Docter, R, et al 1993). Thyroid hormones are important in regulating body energy, body temperature, the body's use of other hormones and vitamins, and the growth and maturation of body tissues. Thyroid disease occurs when the thyroid gland doesn't supply the proper amount of hormones needed by the body. Diseases of the thyroid gland can result in either production of too much (overactive thyroid disease or hyperthyroidism), too little (underactive thyroid disease or hypothyroidism) thyroid hormone, goiter and cancer).

Keywords: Thyroid gland,hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, goiter, cancer, thyroxine (T4) triiodothyronine (T3), TSH.


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