Sheep as the Hosts of the CCHF and Tick in Kosovo

Arber Taraku, Bejo Bizhga, Kastriot Korro, Kristaq Berxholi, Arta Lugaj, Martin H. Groschup


Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHFF) virus which cause danger disease in country of Balkan. But, this disease is none in Asia, Africa, South Evrope in Kosova, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Bulgaria, and Serbia.  There strong evidence that the Kosova sheep appear to play a role as virus and tick-vector host. There are evidences for presence of the tick genus Hyalomma, Rhipicephalus, Ixodes, and Haemophisalis. We were collected and identify 202 ticks from 2 municipality Prishtina and Malisheva area sheep. There is confirmed that the genus Hyalomma  as the principal vector of CCHFV in endemic area of Malisheva municipality wih 7%, and Rhipicephalus as the principal vector of CCHFV non-endemic areas of Pristine with 90 %. We also confirm that the high presence of tick in endemic area Malisheve species Hyalomma (7%), Ixodes (2,5%), Haemophisalis (0,5%) and Rhipicephalus (90%) in non-endemic Pristine area. We also tested sheep from 5 municipalities as Peja, Gjakova, Junik, Prishtina, and Hani Elezit. It was tested 137 blood samples of sheep with the immunological ELISA method. Specific IgG antibody were detected in all sampled municipality, and detected high prevalence in municipality Gjakova 100% and Prishtina 83,33%,falowed  with Peja 25 %, Hani Elezit 12 % and Junik 10%. In basis of result which we receive, we can conclude that the CCHFV is present and circulate in sheep of Kosova municipality in border of Albania, Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia.

Keywords: Virus, CCHF, Sheep, Tick, Kosovo

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