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On the Matters of the Phonosyntactics

Goziyeva Maftuna


The article elucidates the issues of prosody in phonetics. The field of prosody is not thoroughly investigated among phonetics researches in the world linguistics. The majority of the researches is dedicated to the segmental units of the field. The special attention is given to the forming of the scientific views of the theory of prosody in Uzbek linguistics. The terms and events related to prosody constitute opposed paradigm with the language and speech units. The supersegmental units are studied as the object of the research of phonetics and linguistics layers. The phonosyntactic features of the stress are shown. The development of the field of prosody is substantiated on the bases of the theoretical and experimental researches. The diachronic and synchronic differences concerning the experimental research of the prosodic units are shown. The acoustic-articulation features of the speech are analyzed. The examples of the experimental research of prosodic means investigated on the bases of Uzbek language materials are given. The events and notions of the natural and artificial speech are revealed. The function of the prosodic features through the artificial speech is shown. The inconsistency of supersegmental units without segmental units is scientifically proved. The syntagmatic relationships of the segmental units serve to reveal the prosodic means. The intonation and its related matters are investigated. The terms as the logical stress, intonation construction or intoneme take a central place among the notions of the theory of prosody and phonosyntactics. The variants of intoneme are defined through the realization of the intonation components in a speech and are explained through the examples of fiction. Being related to the propositional structure the intonation timbre provides the utterance with the various shade and coloring. The new contents of the field are defined by the scientific conclusions based on the experiments’ results in the field of prosody. The theoretical issues of phonetics-syntax, syntactic intonation, intonation of syntactic units, intonation constructions and intonemes are considered.  

Keywords: phonosyntactics, prosodics, statistic data, sillabeme, acenteme, intoneme, syntacsema, grammema.

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