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Definition Criteria of Synonyms in the Uzbek Language

Jumayeva Feruza Uralovna


This article examines the meaningfulness of lexical-semantic relationships. Polysemic lexemes were studied in the synonymy seme and synonyms of sememe which are derived from the meaning of grammar and polysememic lexemes. Synonymic sememes and synonyms are different from lexical synonyms. The grammatical synonyms, context synonyms, complete synonyms, the spiritual synonyms, methodological synonyms, as well as the grammar and lexical units within polysememic lexemes have been studied. There are examples of meaningful words and meaningful additions to grammatical synonyms. Lexical synonyms and affixes synonyms are derived from linguistic units. Syntactic synonyms have been studied in terms of the combination of words, fixed connections and phrases. Synonyms were analyzed based on metaphora, metonymy, and synecdoche. The Synonym semesare divided into several types depending on the lexical meaning, the morphem composition, the grammatical meaning of the semantic space, the syntactic relationship, and the synonym syllabus based on this classification. The synonymy of denotative sema, conotativesema, core seme, deravativeseme, relative seme, intermediate seme, integral seme, differential seme, potential seme, grammatical syllabus were studied. The notion of synopsis of polynomials within the framework of the lexems is derived from the meaning of meaning, portable meaning, figural meaning, syntactic meaning, constructive meaning, meanings. Synonyms have been analyzed by the metaphor, metonymy, synecdoche, and portable expressions. There are examples and conclusions about the types of synonyms and their emergence within the context of polysememic lexis.

Keywords: seme, sememe, synonyms, integral seme, differential seme, potential sema, contextual synonyms.

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