Diabetes Prevalence in District of Tirana Adult Population
Aim: Our aim was to assess the prevalence of diabetes mellitus through self-reports in a representative sample of Albanian adults residing in Tirana. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in Tirana in January-March 2014 involving a representative sample of 506 adults aged 18 years or older. Information regarding basic socio-demographicand socioeconomic factors, as well as data regarding the presence of diabetes mellitus were collected via face-to-face interviews using a structured questionnaire. Results: The overall prevalence of diabetes was 63.83%. Diabetes prevalence was significantlyhigher among older subjects (24.9%) compared to younger ones (1.6%), among those withlower education (49%) compared to highly educated persons (15.8%). Conclusions: This survey provided recent information regarding the prevalence of diabetes and its distribution according to socio-demographic and socioeconomic factors in Albania. Diabetes prevalence is increasing thus reflecting the trends of risk factors. Immediate measure should be taken to prevent diabetes and control its complications through education in orderto alleviate its burden on individuals and society as a whole.
Keywords: Albania, diabetes, socioeconomic status, Tirana.
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