Diabetes as a Risk Factor in Coronary Heart Diseases
Purpose: Diabetes type 2 is associated with a risk of at least 2 times higher for coronary heart disease. This study aims to determine the prevalence of coronary heart disease as well that of Risc Framingham Score to diabetic population and that of the control group (non-diabetic). Methods: The study is of retrospective type, data were gathered in the Endocrinology in specialty polyclinic service no. 3 in Tirana. Patients were classified in diabetic patients with and without coronary events, as well as the control group. Data were collected for all coronary risk factors and the results were compared. Results: 500 patients were analyzed as diabetics: 23.8% of them reported coronary events, while only 3.2% of the control group reported coronary events. FRS for diabetic population showed 30 ± 15% vs. 15 ± 10% of the control group. Without angina Acute Myocardial infarctions were more frequent among women, while IM among men Conclusions: The high prevalence of coronary heart disease to the diabetic population compared to the control group; and high risk according to the Framingham for coronaropathy in the next 10 years, proving that diabetes is a major risk factor in coronary artery disease.
Keywords: diabetic patients, non-diabetic patients, coronary heart disease, control grup, males and females, etc.
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