Grammatical Forms Specific to Verb Group in Uzbek Dialects (In the Sample of Dialects of Navoi Region)

Rakhmanov Navruz Sattarovich

Abstract


As we know, every language enriches on the basis of its dialects, and develops on its base. Because today's dialects have not been preserved in the language of written manuscripts and have preserved many words and grammatical forms which have not been preserved in today. They form the vocabulary fund of each language. Studying such rare heritage is one of the actual issues of today's linguistics. Public-language research depends on many aspects of ethnos history. Because changes in language belong to the people's lifestyle, traditions and socio-economic development. The regional differentiation of phonetic, morphological, and lexical phenomena in dialects is as follows. This article is devoted to study the morphological features of the dialects of Navoi region of Uzbek language. The dialect materials regarding to grammatical forms of  the verb which are gathered from dialects of Karmana (Navoi) region which is ancient such as Samarkand and Bukhara, are analyzed in historical-comparative and linguistic-geographical methods. It has been discovered that some of the mood, tense, ratios, and task form supplementaries in the Uzbek dialect were found in the language of the ancient written monuments. This proves that the dialects are the ancient phenomenon. The dialects which are researched, have compared and analyzed by the dialects of neighboring regions.  Collected materials which belong to spread of morphological events aerially in the field of studying Uzbek dialects aerially and more than 100 linguistic maps which are created on the basis of them,  can be source  to create the “Dialectal Atlas of Uzbek Language”,  as well as  dialectological atlas of Turkish languages in the future.  

Keywords:  dialect, grammatical form, verb, mood forms, ratio forms, tense forms, task forms of verb, dialectical atlas, aerial linguistics.


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