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Egamberdiev Jasurbek Jahongirovich


The study of the integrity of external and internal factors of the language phenomena allowsto comprehend and interpret the trends of its development and application in nationally specific conditions. In the process of integration in the context of globalization, one can observe an increase in the interlanguage influence. We think, this is one of the
most important and interesting issues today. So, we decided to look throughinterlingual functional types of a metaphor in this article. It is defined that transfer of meaning of words in modern languages is specific to each language separately. In linguistics it is noted that the metaphoricalness acts as an indicator of mentality of various communities of people. We have written our opinions and conclusions about the latest problems of linguistics and its attitude towards other subjects and also about the integrity of different factors in the language. The opinions of some scientists such as R.A.Budagov, Sh. Safarov, S.Averintsev, N.L.Galeev, M.Mirtojiyev, S Usmanov and others are discussed in this article. As we know, lexical stylistic devices such as metaphor, metonymy, synecdoche and all related allegorical expressions, including tropes (including euphemisms) are used to transfer meaning of words. This article is mainly devoted to metaphors. Metaphors showthe mentality, outlook, wisdom and culture of various communities of people (for example, the mentality of the people - the native speaker, the professional / age /gender mentality, etc.) There is no doubt that the views that have arisen on the basis of what has been seen and heard can have quantitative and qualitative differences.In addition, the differences between social types are reflected in the metaphorical unities that they have created and their meanings, and in their interpretation the social mentality is an important factor.

Keywords: metaphor, national and social representations, interpretation
of word meaning, cultural linguistics, gender structure, social psychology, religious representation, globalization of conditions, interlingual influence, national specific conditions.

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