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Norova Gulsanam Makhsutovna


The study of the lexical structure of Uzbek dialects, including the Uzbek dialects of the Zarafshan oasis, is of great importance in determining the history of development of the Uzbek language, the ways of development of its basic dialects. It should be noted that the historical and etymological analysis of the lexical layer of the Uzbek language will help to determine its relationship with the Turkic languages, the influence of sister and non-sister languageson the Uzbek language. It is known that when examining the lexical structure of the language from the etymological point of view, first of all, historically and genetically the words that belong to the Uzbek language, ie all-Turkic words, are identified, and then words borrowed from other languages are identified. Lexical layers in dialects are studied in the same way. According to the linguistic analysis of the factual materials collected on the dialects of this region, the main part of the dialect of this region consists of all-Turkic words, the rest - words borrowed from Persian-Tajik, Arabic, Russian and Western European languages. Based on this theory in the study of the lexical structure of the dialects of the Zarafshan oasis dialects, we also think about all-Turkic dialectal words in this article.

Keywords: dialect, dialect, all-Turkic word, assimilated word, dictionary, lexical layer, ethnolinguistic, etymological, root word, historical development of language.

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