https://www.tycho.iel.unicamp.br/upload/ togel terpercaya bo togel resmi situs togel online pasaran terlengkap bo togel online

TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS

Luljeta Xhemaili

Abstract


Trafficking in human beings, also known as slavery in modern times, is a serious crime as well as a violation of fundamental human rights and dignity. The purpose of trafficking is to exploit vulnerable persons for the sole purpose of profit. Every state is affected in some form or form of trafficking in human beings. The term "modern form of slavery" can also be found in the literature and practice of some countries; a term used to raise awareness of what trafficking may look like to people who are uninformed. There are still many myths about trafficking one of them is that trafficking only happens internationally and that the international element of the trafficking offense is qualifying. In fact, although many cases of trafficking in human beings involve an international element, where the victim is taken from one state to another and exploited there, trafficking also occurs within the territory of the same state and is known as "internal trafficking". Trafficking in human beings is a serious crime and above all a violation of dignity and fundamental human rights. Considering it as such, the awareness as well as the attention of the state and the whole society towards the prevention and uncompromising fight against trafficking in human beings has recently increased; hitting on the phenomenon, identifying cases, investigating, prosecuting and bringing to justice all perpetrators of the crime of trafficking in human beings. The UN Protocol to Prevent, Eliminate and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, 2000, known as the Palermo Protocol, Article 3 states that: Trafficking in human beings means the recruitment, transportation, transfer, accommodation or support of persons, through threats or by use of force or various forms of coercion, kidnapping, lying, abuse of power or powerlessness, giving or receiving money or benefits, with the intent to gain the consent of any person who has control to any other person, for the needs of exploitation. A number of international documents and conventions constitute the legal basis for the drafting of adequate legislation against trafficking in human beings and the protection of human rights, such as: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and of Fundamental Freedoms and its Protocols, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAE), UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Keywords: trafficking in human beings, victims, international legislation on victims' rights, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, CEDAE.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Bashkim Dr. Selmani “Human Rights Law”, (authorized lectures), p. 209, First Private University "FON" - Skopje 2008

Zejnulla Dr. Gruda. Public International Law. Book II, p.74.Prishtina, 1994.

DraganTumanovski, Trafficking in Human Beings, Judicial Review, 2002, no.4,

The Protection Project, 2002 Human Rights Report.

International Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women and Children, concluded in Geneva in 1921 and its amending protocol.

Convention on the Suppression of the Traffic in Adult Women, concluded in Geneva in 1933 and its amending protocol.

Convention on the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and on the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others and its Final Protocol in 1950.

United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, ratified by law no. 8920, dated 11.07.2002.

Protocol "Against the trafficking of migrants by land, air and sea" which supplements the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, ratified by law no. 8920, dated 11.07.2002.

Protocol "On the prevention, deterrence and punishment of trafficking in persons, especially women and children", supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, ratified by law no. 8920, dated 11.07.2002.

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, CEDAW, 1979, ratified by law no. 7767, dated 09.11.1993.

European Convention "On Compensation to Victims of Violent Crimes", ratified by law no. 9265, dated 29.07.2004.

The CEDAW Committee, with its January 2003 recommendations, recommends the introduction of measures aimed at improving the economic situation of women to eliminate their vulnerability to traffickers, education initiatives for vulnerable groups, including adolescent girls, and social support, rehabilitation measures and reintegration for women and girls who have been victims of trafficking.

Says Claire Potaux (Global Alliance Against Trafficking in Women; GAATW); Human Rights Standards for the Treatment of Trafficked Persons.

Report on the implementation of the Albanian national strategy for combating trafficking in human beings, January - December 2006"; OSCE-ODHIR report (Barcelona 2007).

For the preparation of chapter I we consulted with the presentations of Mrs. Allison Jernow, Independent Expert on Trafficking and Criminal Justice, in trainings with judges, prosecutors, judicial police officers organized by CLCI in cooperation with the School of Magistrates during 2008-2009, with the support of the OSCE / ODIHR.

"Report on the implementation of the Albanian national strategy for combating trafficking in human beings, January - December 2006"; OSCE-ODHIR report (Barcelona 2007).

For the preparation of chapter I we consulted with the presentations of Mrs. Allison Jernow, Independent Expert on Trafficking and Criminal Justice, in trainings with judges, prosecutors, judicial police officers organized by CLCI in cooperation with the School of Magistrates during 2008-2009, with the support of the OSCE / ODIHR.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/ijllis.v11i4.2290

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/ijllis.v11i4.2290.g2678

Copyright (c) 2022 Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

© 2012-2022 ANGLISTICUM. Journal of the Association-Institute for English Language and American Studies,Tetovo, North Macedonia.

ISSN (print): 1857-8179. ISSN (online): 1857-8187.

Disclaimer: Articles on Anglisticum have been reviewed and authenticated by the Authors before sending for the publication.

The Journal, Editors and the editorial board are not entitled or liable to either justify or responsible for inaccurate and misleading data if any. It is the sole responsibility of the Author concerned.