https://www.tycho.iel.unicamp.br/upload/ togel terpercaya bo togel resmi situs togel online pasaran terlengkap bo togel online

FEMALE SELF-DIRECTED OPPRESSION IN MARIA IRENE FORNES THREE PLAYS FEFU AND HER FRIENDS, SARITA AND THE MUD: A POST-FEMINIST READING

Asmaa Mohamed Ragab

Abstract


The study reveals women self-directed oppression in Maria Irenes’ plays Fefu and her friends, The Conduct of Life, The mud and Sarita. The purpose of this paper is to describe female characters with their self-suffering and aggression to each other. As an American playwright and dramatist, on one hand, Maria analyses feminist characters with their traditional images are portrayed as domestic characters and badly abused under male-dominated society. On the other hand, she produces another perspective or different images of women’s oppression which is internalized oppression which is explored among women. By female internalized oppression, the researcher means the major source of female oppression is other women. Women receives oppression and violence with a negative reaction and when they are going to defend their self-hood, the act becomes harsher on their characters. 

Keywords: women oppression, internalized oppression, Maria Irene Fornes, Fefu and her friends, The conduct of life, Sarita and The mud.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Kollmeier, Florian. Female Oppression in “The Bell Jar” and “A Thousand Splendid Suns”. Beltz Verlag, 2013.

Al-Badarneh, Abdullah. Female Oppression and Aspiration in a Capitalistic Patriarchal Context. Van Haren Publishing, 2012. https://doi.org/10.31031/prm.2018.01.000516 KRULEWITZ, J. E. (1980). Women and Crime: Female Oppression. Contemporary Psychology: A Journal of Reviews, 25(2), 174–175. https://doi.org/10.1037/018551

Greer, Germaine. The Female Eunuch. Fourth Estate, 2020. Rivers, Nicola Charlotte. Representations of Feminism. Amsterdam University Press, 2010.

Lilburn, Sandra, e.a. Celebrity Feminism as Synthesis. Carfax, 2000.

Marsh, Peter. The Supremacist Syndrome: How Domination Underpins Slavery, Genocide, the Exploitation of Women, and the Maltreatment of Animals.

Lantern Publishing en Media, 2021. Barrett, Michèle. Women’s Oppression Today. 1ste ed., Adfo Books, 2014.

Barrett, Michele. Women’s Oppression Today: Problems in Marxist Feminist Analysis. London: Verso editions and NLB, 1980, 1980.

Baron-Cohen, Simon. The Essential Difference: Men, Women and the Extreme Male Brain. Penguin, 2012. Ramazanoglu, Caroline en C. Ramazanoglu.

Feminism and the Contradictions of Oppression. Taylor en Francis, 2017. Markell, Patchen. Bound by Recognition. Princeton University Press, 2009.

Samuel, C. (2013). Symbolic Violence and Collective Identity: Pierre Bourdieu and the Ethics of Resistance. Social Movement Studies, 12(4), 397–413.

https://doi.org/10.1080/14742837.2013.823345

Bourdieu, P. (1989). Social Space and Symbolic Power. Sociological Theory, 7(1), 14. https://doi.org/10.2307/202060 Corsaro, W. A. (1992).

Language and Symbolic Power. By Pierre Bourdieu. Harvard University Press, 1991. 302 pp. Social Forces, 71(1), 242–244. https://doi.org/10.1093/sf/71.1.242

Herath, H. M. B. (2020). A Cultural Feminism Analysis of Modern Sinhala Poetry of Female Poets Revealed on the Female Cultural Oppression: Resourcing from Poetry of Anuradha Nilmini, Suharshani Dharmarathna and Vipuli Hettiarachchi.

Vidyodaya Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 05(01), 47–56.

https://doi.org/10.31357/fhss/vjhss.v05i01.05

“‘A Review and Meta-Analysis of Age-Based Stereotype Threat: Negative Stereotypes, Not Facts, Do the Damage’: Correction to Lamont, Swift, and Abrams (2015).” Psychology and Aging, vol. 33, no. 5, 2018, p. vi. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1037/pag0000269.

Galinsky, Adam D., et al. “Taking Stereotypes out of Stereotype Threat: The Effect of Role-Based Expectations.” SSRN Electronic Journal, 2003.

Crossref, https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.399620. Smith, G.P.A. & University of Alabama. Department of Psychology. (2015).

The Impact of Stereotype Threat in Two Educational Environments. Amsterdam University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/ijllis.v11i9.2322

Copyright (c) 2022 Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

© 2012-2022 ANGLISTICUM. Journal of the Association-Institute for English Language and American Studies,Tetovo, North Macedonia.

ISSN (print): 1857-8179. ISSN (online): 1857-8187.

Disclaimer: Articles on Anglisticum have been reviewed and authenticated by the Authors before sending for the publication.

The Journal, Editors and the editorial board are not entitled or liable to either justify or responsible for inaccurate and misleading data if any. It is the sole responsibility of the Author concerned.