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Dermatoses Due to Cleaning and Cosmetic Products

Dasantila Tahiraj


Dermal exposure to hazardous agents can result in a variety of skin diseases including dermatoses. Cosmetics and household cleaning products often contain potential allergens and irritants.The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of dermatoses due to cosmetics and cleaning products in Elbasani district. This is a prospective study including 864 ambulatory patients with dermatoses presented to the Dermatology Clinic of primary health care service in the district of Elbasan from January 2012 to December 2014. Data on sociodemographic characteristics, variables related to lifestyle and to the temporal factor, the type of contact dermatitis, location and etiological factors were gathered through a structured questionnaire concerning their use of cosmetics and skin care products and household washing and cleaning products. Of 864 patients included in the study.The mean age of patients was 42.3 ±14.2 years old (range 23 – 61), with majority of them 657 (79%) of them living in urban area p<0.05.There were significantly more females 726 (84%) than males 138 (16%) participating. The female/male ratio was 5.2:1. In total 562 (65%) patients reported adverse reactions. Dermatoses to cosmetics or skin care products 311 (36%) reported while 251 (29%) reported reactions to household washing and cleaning products.The most frequently reported locations of dermatitis were face (40%), hands (35%), arms (16%), lowerlimbs (9%). In the patch test evaluation, 354 (63%) out of total patients with dermatoses had positive tests. It is important to include exposure to such products in thepatient's case history and to discuss this aspect inthe preventive information given to eczema patients.

Keywords: dermatis, cosmetics, cleaning products.

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                     © 2012-2023 ANGLISTICUM. Journal of the Association-Institute for English Language and American Studies,Tetovo, North Macedonia.

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