The Study Importance of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus in Kosovo

Arber Taraku, Kristaq Berxholi


Viral Zoonosis is distributed in Africa, Asia, and Mediterranean Europe. The major vectors of most of these zoonoses are ticks belonging to the genus Hyalomma, Rhipicephalus and Ixodes. Since Kosovo is a suitable place for the development and growth of these vectors, we thought to draw the attention of the authorities with this review article. The most important fact is that this disease has never been studied in Kosovo. The Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever is a zoonotic disease transmitted through vectors. CCHF is an acute, tick borne disease often associated with hemorrhagic presentations. The virus belongs to the genus Orthonairovirus, family Nairoviridae with RNA. It causes mild fever and viremia in cattle, sheep and small mammals such as hares. Human become infected by contact with infected blood or other tissues of livestock or human patients or from tick bite. The disease presents not only economic but also social significance. Damage caused by the disease in the areas where it appears is very considerable.

Keywords: Zoonosis, Virus, CCHF, Ticks, Kosovo.

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