For a Realistic Planning of NATO Integration Costs

Ruzhdi Rustemi


In this article I will try to focus on the costs that a country is obliged to pay during the NATO integration process, based upon the experience of previous countries after they joined NATO. I hope this article will serve to leaders and planners working in the relevant Army structures, in order to create a general idea of the costs their country is going to pay because of the activities related to NATO integration. It also will help them to develop as realistic as possible financial plans and programs for the coming years after the “de jure” membership event.  

Keywords: Cost, integration process, realistic planning, budget, expenditure.

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The costs of NATO enlargement, Budget Office of Congress, 1996.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Article 3 and 5, 1949.

Costs estimation of the Budget Office of Congress, 9 March 2007.

Enlargement study of NATO, 1995.

New democracies asking NATO membership, Nicolas Berns, April 2002.

Enlargement study of NATO, 2000-2015, T.Szayna.

The NATO integration costs of Poland, P.Wieczorek, K.Zukrowska.

NATO official website,, accessed 05 July 2018.

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