togel terpercaya bo togel resmi situs togel online pasaran terlengkap bo togel online


Rafik Laceb


This research explores the displacement of romance by tragedy in Scott Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby. Taking its theoretical bearings from the archetypal approach developed by Northrop Frye, supplemented by insights borrowed from Georg Lukacs, Aristotle, Hegel and many other scholars, the research aims to show how the romantic hero lands in a tragic situation because of his belief in ideals that are no longer viable in the  consumerist American society of the 1920s. Among other arguments, it also seeks to illustrate how The Great Gatsby plays a thematic and stylistic variation on romance such as Shakespeare’s Midsummer Nights’ Dream and tragedy as elaborated around the House of the Atreus by Greek playwrights like Sophocles, Euripides and Aeschylus.

Keywords: The Great Gatsby, Displacement, Romance, Tragedy, Shakespeare, Greek Tragedy.

Full Text:



Aristotle (1983). Extracts from the Poetics. In R.P. Draper (Ed.). Tragedy: Developments in Criticism. London: Macmillan Press.

Aristotle. The Nicomachean ethics (1996). (H. Rackham, Trans.). London: Wordsworth Classics of World Literature.

Campbell, Joseph (1972). The hero with a thousand faces. Princeton: Bollingen Series.

Conrad, Joseph (1994). Heart of darkness, London: Penguin.

Coyle, John (1987, April). Meaulnes, Gatsby and the possibilities of romance. In Essays in poetics: The Journal of the British Neo-Formalist School. 12 (1), 15-40.

Fanon, Frantz (1968). Black skin, white masks. (C. L. Markmann, Trans.). New York, N.Y: Grove Press.

Fitzgerald, F.S (1994). The Great Gatsby. London: Penguin. (Orignal version, 1926)

Frye, Northrop (1976). The secular scripture: A study of the structure of romance, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Frye, Northrop (1990). Anatomy of criticism: Four essays. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Graebner, Seth (2007). Nostalgia and the city in French Algerian literature. Lanham: Lexington Books.

Hegel, G. W. F (1983). The collision of equally justified powers. In R.P. Draper (Ed.). In Tragedy: Developments in criticism.

Lingeman, Richard (1995). A consonance of towns. L.S. Luedtke (Ed.). Making America: The society and culture of the United States. Washington D.C.: United States Information Agency.

Lukacs, George (1971). The Theory of the novel: A historico-philosophical essay on the forms of great epic literature. ( A. Bostock, Trans.). Cambridge, MA.: The Mitt Press.

Oser, Lee (2008). The ethics of modernism: Moral ideas in Yeats, Eliot, Joyce, Woolf and Beckett, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Plato (2002), Phaedrus, The symposium. In E. Hamilton and Huntington (Eds.). The Complete Dialogues Including the Letters. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Copyright (c) 2019 Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                     © 2012-2023 ANGLISTICUM. Journal of the Association-Institute for English Language and American Studies,Tetovo, North Macedonia.

                                                                                           ISSN (print): 1857-8179. ISSN (online): 1857-8187.

                                         Disclaimer: Articles on Anglisticum have been reviewed and authenticated by the Authors before sending for the publication.

                             The Journal, Editors and the editorial board are not entitled or liable to either justify or responsible for inaccurate and misleading data if any.                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                            It is the sole responsibility of the Author concerned.