Characterisation of Some Cultivars of Winter Barley (Hordeum Vulgare) in Agro-Ecological Condition of Kosovo
The object of study is the characterization of some winter barley cultivars (Hordeum vulgare), originating from Croatia. The survey included a total of 6 cultivars of barley: Bingo, Zlatko, Vannes, Esterel, Barun and Rex as comparative. Obtained cultivars regarding research pertaining to winter barley two rowed. Investigations were carried out in two agro-climatic regions of Kosovo (in Arbnesh, in research farm of the agricultural institute of Kosovo, Peja - Dukagjini Plain, and Pestova - Kosovo Plain, private property company "Pestova". The research tested yield (kg/ha), the weight of 1000 seeds (gr.) hectoliter weight (kg), protein content (%), moisture (%), and Starch. The amount of protein in barley grain is one of the most important factors on which depend on the quality of beer production. In the amount of protein in barley grain with lots of variety characteristic, significantly influences the climate and agronomic factors of production, soil conditions during the vegetative season. Kosovo's agro-climatic and pedagogical data, compared with the yields obtained in the culture of winter barley show not using cultivated cultivars genetic potential to us. For this reason should be applied to a modern aggro to exploit the genetic potential, and obtain higher yields. obtained results regarding showed that there were significant differences due to climatic conditions and different levels for all cultivars investigated traits involved in the plot compared to the standard (Rex) and between localities.
Keywords: Winter barley, 1000 seed weight, hectoliter weight, yield.
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