Symbolic Realism in Ibsen’s A Doll’s House: An Overview
In this article, our purpose is to focus on Ibsen’s realistic attitudes towards the 19th century Scandinavian bourgeois society. It also attempts to make use of symbolism, metamorphosis, art of characterization, plot-construction, and unity of opposites of Ibsen’s moral, social, and economic problems. Here, we have purposefully exposed Nora not only as a symbol of Ibsen’s contemporary feminism but as a universal feminism. Ibsen was concerned with the crisis of liberalism, the conflicts of the bourgeois families, woman's emancipation, and the psychological dilemma of the individual and the power of economy over human relations in capitalist society. It also aims at unveiling women’s everyday problems and social reality through applying symbolic realism in the play, A Doll’s House. Actually, our aim is to look at Ibsen’s subtle viewpoints towards socio-realistic criticism with a view to exposing the then Scandinavian women’s problems and social reality of the bourgeois family, the brief discussion of realism, symbolic realism as in shown in this play through unveiling Ibsen’s art of characterizations.
Keywords: A Doll’s House, Ibsen, Nora, realism, symbolism, and Torvald Helmer.
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